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Vacuum Tube Manuals

In electronics, a vacuum tube, electron tube (in North America), tube, or thermionic valve or valve (in British English) is a device controlling electric current through a vacuum in a sealed container. The simplest vacuum tube, the diode, contains only two elements; current can only flow in one direction through the device between the two electrodes, as electrons emitted by the hot cathode travel through the tube and are collected by the anode, or in conventional current terms, anode to cathode. Addition of a third and additional electrodes allows the current flowing between cathode and anode to be controlled in various ways. The device can be used as an electronic amplifier, a rectifier, an electronically controlled switch, an oscillator, and for other purposes.

Vacuum tubes mostly rely on thermionic emission of electrons from a hot filament or a cathode heated by the filament. Some electron tube devices rely on the properties of a discharge through an ionized gas.

Vacuum tubes were critical to the development of electronic technology, which drove the expansion and commercialization of radio broadcasting, television, radar, sound reinforcement, sound recording and reproduction, large telephone networks, analog and digital computers, and industrial process control. Although some applications had counterparts using earlier technologies such as the spark gap transmitter or mechanical computers, it was the invention of the vacuum tube with three electrodes (called a triode) and its capability of electronic amplification that made these technologies widespread and practical.

In most applications, solid-state devices such as transistors and other semiconductor devices have replaced tubes. Solid-state devices last longer and are smaller, more efficient, more reliable, and cheaper than tubes. However, tubes are still manufactured for applications where solid-state devices are impractical.

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TOPIC atoz
voltage 62
grid 57
current 56
plate 54
tube 51
volts 36
cathode 31
tubes 22
circuit 20
heater 20
type 16
max 14
output 12
anode 11
power 8
triode 8
watts 8
vacuum 6
screen 5
class 4
peak 4
valve 4
beam 3
input 3
load 3
bias 2
den 2
octal 2
ohms 2
rca 2
relay 2
types 2
aan 1
air 1
amps 1
base 1
bei 1
bij 1
change 1
column 1
cos 1
LANGUAGE
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Vacuum Tube Manuals
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Vacuum Tube Manual: RCA Interchange 1960
Topics: vpt, rca, rit, tube, types, replaced, prefix, ges, typef, column, rca vpt, rca rit, vpt vpt,...
Vacuum Tube Manuals
texts
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Vacuum Tube Manual: Sylvania 1959
Topics: volts, voltage, grid, plate, heater, sylvania, cathode, current, type, data, sylvania type, plate...
Vacuum Tube Manuals
texts
eye 1,014
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Vacuum Tube Manual: RCA RC-30 1975
Topics: plate, volts, voltage, grid, current, amplifier, refer, tube, type, heater, plate current, volts...
Vacuum Tube Manual: ARRL - Amatur Radio Handbok (1941)
Topics: plate, voltage, circuit, grid, antenna, frequency, amplifier, output, current, tube, plate current,...
Vacuum Tube Manual: Vacuum Tube Oscilators (1953)
Topics: frequency, circuit, voltage, oscillator, oscillators, amplitude, plate, grid, output, tube, power...
Vacuum Tube Manuals
texts
eye 779
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Vacuum Tube Manual: Philips Part 4 1972
Topics: grid, voltage, anode, current, heater, cathode, resistor, triode, pentode, january, anode current,...
Vacuum Tube Manual: Western Electric Tubes 1956
Topics: triode, triodo, air, pentode, cathode, tetrode, octal, volts, anode, electric, western electric,...
Vacuum Tube Manual: Spangenberg- Vacuum Tubes (1948)
Topics: electron, grid, current, tubes, electrons, vacuum, plate, potential, cathode, voltage, transit...
Vacuum Tube Manuals
texts
eye 709
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Vacuum Tube Manual: Raytheon Tubes 196x
Topics: pentode, htr, fil, voltage, triode, pulsed, volts, type, diode, amplifier, pentode power, fixed...
Vacuum Tube Manuals
texts
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Vacuum Tube Manual: RCA TT-5 1962
Topics: max, plate, volts, voltage, grid, power, maximum, current, watts, tube, plate current, max volts,...
Vacuum Tube Manuals
texts
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Vacuum Tube Manual: RCA RC-26 1968
Topics: plate, volts, voltage, grid, current, amplifier, heater, tube, max, peak, plate current, volts...
Vacuum Tube Manuals
texts
eye 640
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Vacuum Tube Manual: Amperite Ballasts
Topics: amperite, current, voltage, ballast, relay, solving, regulators, regulator, requirements, operated,...
Vacuum Tube Manuals
texts
eye 621
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Vacuum Tube Manual: Sylvania 1951
Topics: volts, voltage, plate, maximum, current, grid, heater, sylvania, type, screen, volts maximum,...
Vacuum Tube Manual: RCA Radio Designers Handbook 4th Ed 1952
Topics: voltage, frequency, grid, circuit, plate, output, input, resistance, valve, current, plate current,...
Vacuum Tube Manuals
texts
eye 614
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Vacuum Tube Manual: Mullard Tubes 196x
Topics: pentode, octal, triode, output, change, base, bias, require, cathode, rectifier, output pentode,...
Vacuum Tube Manual: RCA 1940 Vacuum Tube Design
Topics: grid, electron, tube, cathode, voltage, tubes, current, plate, metal, electrons, tube design,...
Vacuum Tube Manuals
texts
eye 553
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Vacuum Tube Manual: RCA RC-17 1954
Topics: plate, volts, voltage, type, tube, max, grid, heater, cathode, current, plate current, max volts,...
Vacuum Tube Manuals
texts
eye 551
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Vacuum Tube Manual: RCA RC-19 1959
Topics: plate, volts, voltage, max, heater, type, grid, tube, cathode, current, max volts, plate current,...
Vacuum Tube Manuals
texts
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Vacuum Tube Manual: RCA RC-16 1950
Topics: volts, plate, voltage, type, heater, current, max, tube, cathode, grid, tube requires, heater...
Vacuum Tube Manuals
texts
eye 536
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Vacuum Tube Manual: GE Neon Lamps 1965
Topics: voltage, lamp, glow, lamps, circuit, frequency, resistance, maintaining, output, breakdown, glow...
Vacuum Tube Manuals
texts
eye 535
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Vacuum Tube Manual: Amperex 1958
Topics: volts, anode, voltage, output, current, grid, amperex, amps, type, tubes, power output, mercury...
Vacuum Tube Manuals
texts
eye 522
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Vacuum Tube Manual: RCA RefBook 1956
Topics: rca, type, types, amplifier, volts, tubes, guide, power, retma, plate, rca type, rca battery, radio...
Vacuum Tube Manuals
texts
eye 502
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Vacuum Tube Manual: STC 1947 Standard Valves
Topics: anode, voltage, maximum, grid, current, direct, filament, cathode, valve, triode, direct anode,...
Vacuum Tube Manual: Brimar Tubes 196x (partial)
Topics: anode, voltage, volts, grid, current, screen, cathode, heater, type, output, anode voltage, control...
Vacuum Tube Manual: GE Essential Characteristics
Topics: amplifier, max, voltage, plate, class, volts, triode, pentode, mag, current, max peak, power...
Vacuum Tube Manual: Reich Principles of Electron Tubes (1941)
Topics: voltage, grid, current, plate, tubes, electron, tube, circuit, anode, frequency, plate current,...
Vacuum Tube Manuals
texts
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Vacuum Tube Manual: RCA RC-14 1940
Topics: voltage, plate, volts, tube, grid, current, amplifier, heater, screen, characteristics, plate...
Vacuum Tube Manual: Radiotron Designers Handbook (1953)
Topics: voltage, frequency, grid, circuit, plate, output, input, resistance, current, valve, plate current,...
Vacuum Tube Manual: RCA Electron Tubes (1942-1948) vol2
Topics: tube, electron, voltage, cathode, current, grid, circuit, oscillator, noise, beam, magnetic field,...
Vacuum Tube Manuals
texts
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Vacuum Tube Manual: RCA RC-23 1964
Topics: volts, max, plate, voltage, heater, grid, current, tube, cathode, amplifier, plate current, max...
Vacuum Tube Manuals
texts
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Vacuum Tube Manual: Taylor 1939
Topics: plate, grid, watts, tube, volts, tubes, bias, voltage, filament, circuit, plate current, plate...
Vacuum Tube Manual: Pullen - Conductance Curve Design Manual (1958)
Topics: plate, screen, tube, voltage, characteristics, curve, volts, curves, pentode, cathode, screen...
Vacuum Tube Manuals
texts
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Vacuum Tube Manual: RCA TT-4 1956
Topics: max, plate, voltage, volts, grid, current, power, watts, maximum, tube, max volts, plate current,...
Vacuum Tube Manuals
texts
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Vacuum Tube Manual: Raytheon Amateur 1938
Topics: plate, volts, grid, voltage, power, current, watts, amplifier, tube, tubes, plate voltage, plate...
Vacuum Tube Manual: Western Electric Tubes 1933
Topics: plate, tube, filament, grid, vacuum, voltage, volts, maximum, average, current, vacuum tube,...
Vacuum Tube Manual: Seely - Electron Tube Circuits (1950)
Topics: circuit, voltage, grid, tube, plate, output, circuits, current, frequency, amplifier, plate...
Vacuum Tube Manual: RCA Electron Tubes (1935-1941) vol1
Topics: current, electron, tube, grid, plate, cathode, anode, tubes, voltage, electrons, virtual cathode,...
Vacuum Tube Manuals
texts
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Vacuum Tube Manual: RCA RC-25 1967
Topics: plate, volts, voltage, grid, current, heater, amplifier, max, tube, peak, plate current, volts...
Vacuum Tube Manuals
texts
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Vacuum Tube Manual: RCA RC-15 1947 NJ7P AS
Topics: plate, volts, voltage, tube, type, max, heater, grid, current, cathode, plate current, receiving...
Vacuum Tube Manuals
texts
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Vacuum Tube Manual: Philips 1943 GVDR
Topics: van, een, het, den, bij, voor, wordt, aan, met, deze, van den, van een, van het, bij een, met een,...
Vacuum Tube Manual: Basic Theory of Electron Tubes (Army 1952)
Topics: plate, voltage, grid, tube, current, electron, tubes, circuit, cathode, signal, plate current,...
Vacuum Tube Manual: RCA 1962 Electron Tube Design
Topics: tube, cathode, electron, grid, voltage, current, tubes, design, plate, beam, tube design, electron...
Vacuum Tube Manuals
texts
eye 353
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Vacuum Tube Manual: Telefunken 1930-31
Topics: die, bei, und, von, eine, mit, den, rohren, bei der, von der, volt heizstrom, siehe charakteristik,...
Vacuum Tube Manual: RCA Industrial and Communications Types 1960
Topics: amplifier, plate, volts, class, cathode, type, peak, miniature, tubes, ohms, data refer, indicated...
Vacuum Tube Manuals
texts
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Vacuum Tube Manual: RCA RC-24 1965
Topics: volts, max, plate, voltage, grid, heater, current, tube, cathode, amplifier, max volts, plate...
Vacuum Tube Manual: Radiotron Designers Handbook (1941)
Topics: voltage, grid, frequency, plate, resistance, valve, chapter, input, current, circuit, plate...
Vacuum Tube Manuals
texts
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Vacuum Tube Manual: RCA RC-21 1961
Topics: plate, volts, max, voltage, heater, grid, type, tube, cathode, current, max volts, plate current,...
Vacuum Tube Manuals
texts
eye 332
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Vacuum Tube Manual: Kenyon Amateur 1937
Topics: type, watt, ohm, amateur, tubes, plate, tube, frequency, volt, grid, power supply, transformer...
Vacuum Tube Manuals
texts
eye 325
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Vacuum Tube Manual: RCA TT-3 1938
Topics: plate, voltage, volts, grid, tube, watts, current, milliamperes, power, amplifier, plate current,...
Vacuum Tube Manuals
texts
eye 318
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Vacuum Tube Manual: RCA RC-13 1937
Topics: voltage, plate, volts, tube, grid, current, amplifier, output, heater, cathode, plate current,...
Vacuum Tube Manual: Theory of Thermonic Vacuum Tubes (Chaffee 1933)
Topics: voltage, plate, grid, current, vacuum, circuit, triode, tubes, thermionic, tube, vacuum tubes,...
Vacuum Tube Manual: Mcarthur - Electronics and Electron Tubes (1936)
Topics: grid, voltage, current, tube, electron, cathode, anode, tubes, plate, electrons, plate current,...
Vacuum Tube Manual: Moyer - Radio Recieving and Television Tubes (1936)
Topics: voltage, tube, current, plate, tubes, circuit, grid, resistance, radio, vacuum, radio receiving,...
Vacuum Tube Manuals
texts
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Vacuum Tube Manual: taylor tube catalog
Topics: plate, grid, volts, watts, filament, tube, maximum, ohms, tubes, voltage, plate volts, plate...
Vacuum Tube Manual: Federal Telephone and Radio Corporation - Handbook of Tube Operation (2nd Ed. 1944)
Topics: grid, plate, voltage, tube, filament, current, tubes, power, carrier, operation, plate voltage,...
Vacuum Tube Manual: Schure Vacuum Tube Rectifiers (1958)
Topics: voltage, output, rectifier, current, filter, tube, ripple, peak, rectifiers, load, output voltage,...
Vacuum Tube Manual: Reich - Theory and Applications of Electron Tubes (1944)
Topics: voltage, plate, grid, current, circuit, tube, tubes, frequency, electron, resistance, plate...
Vacuum Tube Manuals
texts
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Vacuum Tube Manual: RCA RC-20 1960
Topics: volts, plate, max, voltage, heater, grid, type, tube, cathode, current, max volts, plate current,...
Vacuum Tube Manuals
texts
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Vacuum Tube Manual: RCA R-10 1933
Topics: plate, voltage, grid, volts, tube, filament, current, amplifier, resistor, screen, plate current,...
Vacuum Tube Manuals
texts
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Vacuum Tube Manual: RCA RC-18 1956
Topics: plate, volts, voltage, max, type, heater, grid, tube, cathode, current, max volts, plate current,...
Vacuum Tube Manuals
texts
eye 253
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Vacuum Tube Manual: RCA Phototubes 1941
Topics: phototube, circuit, relay, voltage, tube, grid, current, illumination, anode, sensitivity, plate...
Vacuum Tube Manual: taylor transmitting 193xtubes
Topics: plate, volts, tube, grid, watts, filament, mils, tubes, mmf, class, plate current, carbon anode,...
Vacuum Tube Manual: Preisman - Graphical Constructions for Vacuum Tube Circuits (1943)
Topics: voltage, grid, tube, plate, load, current, resistance, graphical, constructions, circuit, vacuum...
Vacuum Tube Manual: Burroghs Nixie Tube Catalog B W
Topics: nixie, cathode, voltage, tube, tubes, current, anode, circuit, figure, ionization, cathode current,...
Vacuum Tube Manual: Secondary Electron Emission
Topics: secondary, emission, electrons, electron, yield, primary, energy, cathode, anode, potential,...
Vacuum Tube Manual: RCA ST-59 Beam Power Tubes 1938
Topics: plate, beam, power, grid, cathode, tubes, voltage, potential, tube, current, beam power, power...
Vacuum Tube Manual: Rider - Inside the Vacuum Tube (1945)
Topics: plate, voltage, grid, tube, current, electrons, cathode, vacuum, load, resistance, plate current,...
Vacuum Tube Manual: Peters - Theory of Thermonic Vacuum Tube Circuits (1927)
Topics: plate, circuit, voltage, grid, power, resistance, current, frequency, tube, triode, vacuum tube,...
Vacuum Tube Manual: Tomer 1960 Getting the Most Out of Vacuum Tubes
Topics: tube, tubes, cathode, voltage, grid, current, heater, emission, characteristic, circuit, plate...
Vacuum Tube Manuals
texts
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Vacuum Tube Manual: RCA Amateu 1934
Topics: plate, voltage, grid, volts, filament, current, tube, watts, amplifier, class, plate voltage, plate...
Vacuum Tube Manuals
texts
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Vacuum Tube Manual: RCA RC-12 1934
Topics: voltage, plate, volts, grid, tube, current, amplifier, output, cathode, heater, plate current,...
Vacuum Tube Manual: The Thermonic Vacuum Tube and it's Applications (1920)
Topics: tube, current, voltage, grid, plate, thermionic, circuit, electrons, filament, vacuum, vacuum tube,...
Vacuum Tube Manuals
texts
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Vacuum Tube Manual: Tube Numbering Systems.doc
Vacuum Tube Manuals
texts
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Vacuum Tube Manual: RCA RC-22 1963
Topics: iii, ffl, ffi, ift, cos, lis, flj, sort, sis, volts, volts volts, volts watts
Vacuum Tube Manual: American Substitutes for Foreign Types.doc